Turning At Junctions

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Glencor Driving School (Kilmarnock, Irvine).
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   Turning into a junction on the left / right - MS-PSGL.
   Emerging from a junction to turn left / right - MS-PSGL.
   Mirrors Signal - Position Speed Gear Look


Turning junctions using Mirrors Signal-Position Speed Gear Look (MS-PSGL)


MS-PSGL is simply MSM with the second M (manoeuvre) expanded.

If you are new to driving then read over this page before your first driving school lesson.

Think of how long you would need to be parked at the side of the road in order to discuss these details. Wouldn't you rather read before your lesson, gain some understanding, then enable your actual driving of the car to progress quicker.

You don't need to understand all the details. As your driving instructor I will always assist in your understanding of driving.

The details on this page are designed to help those who are intending to take/are taking driving lessons with an ADI.

Margaret Shields of Kilmarnock, Driving Lesson Testimonial
I would recommend Glencor to anyone who wants to drive. David was brilliant, patient and remained calm at all times, even when I did stupid things. He taught me things I needed to know. After driving two and three wheeled vehicles I can now drive with four wheels. Thanks.


  1. Mirrors and Signal Guide
  2. Turning into a junction on the: -
  3. Left
  4. Right
  5. Emerging from a junction to turn.
  6. Left
  7. Right

Improve your driving, read what you will be taught on your driving school lessons.

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Details for using your mirrors and your signal when turning into/emerging from a junction - MS - Mirrors Signal


Using Your Mirrors And Your Signal For Junctions

The following details refer to both turning into and emerging from a junction.

Mirrors

While your car is moving you should use your mirrors in pairs.

  1. To turn or move left, use your Main Mirror (Rear-view Mirror) then your Left Door Mirror.
  2. To turn or move right, use your Main Mirror then your Right Door Mirror.

What to look for.

  1. Main mirror - be aware of how close/far behind you other road users are and of any who might be attempting to move over to pass you.
  2. Left door mirror - be aware of any other road users on your left/attempting to pass on your left.
  3. Right door mirror - be aware of any other road users on your right/attempting to pass on your right.

Kimberley Marshall of Kilmarnock, Driving Lesson Testimonial
Before I started learning to drive I was very worried about getting a good instructor as I had heard about a lot of bad driving experiences. From my very first lesson, Dave made me feel comfortable with driving. He was always very calm and patient with me and I always found his explanations of the things that I was doing wrong very helpful and easy to understand, and never felt like I was being judged or criticised in any way. I think that Dave's style of teaching is very effective because he always pushes you to do well, but never puts you out of your comfort zone. I would recommend Glencor to anyone who doesn't want to waste unnecessary time and money on driving lessons. Glencor guarantees great value for money and a great instructor. Thanks Dave!

Signal
Rules for the signal: -

  1. The signal should be put on at a safe distance from the junction.
  2. If too early, other road users might think you are not going as far as the junction.
  3. If too late, other road users will not be given sufficient warning.
  4. The signal does not always need to be applied immediately after looking in your mirrors. Sometimes, due to a hazard, it will be necessary to slow and even change gear before you signal.
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Details for turning into a junction on the left - MS-PSGL - Mirrors Signal-Position Speed Gear Look


Turning into a junction on the left


The following box contains the description of how to turn into a left junction. Read the notes below the box for further details.

How to turn into a junction on the left. Think of MS-PSGL - Mirrors Signal-Position Speed Gear Look.
  1. Mirrors
  2. Main mirror.
  3. Left mirror.
  4. Look forward.
  5. Signal
  6. When it is save to do so, signal left.
  7. Position
  8. Start to position your car on approach to the junction.
  9. Speed
  10. Start to reduce your speed at the correct time for the junction.
  11. Gear
  12. Select the correct gear for the junction.
  13. Look
  14. Before you start turning in, look into the new road.

Position
  1. For most junctions to the left you should be approximately one metre out from the kerb just before you start to turn in.
  2. The position from the kerb can vary depending on the junction type and any hazards near/at the junction.

Speed
  1. If your junction is clear then you should turn in at approximately 10mph.
  2. The speed can vary depending on the junction type and any hazards near/at the junction.

Gear
  1. If your junction is clear then you should turn in using 2nd gear. This is the correct gear for 10mph.
  2. You should start to select 2nd gear as your car approaches 15mph therefore giving time to change the gear then bring the clutch up and through the bite by the time your car reaches 10mph, and before you start to turn in.
  3. If there is a hazard then you might need to slow more and change into 1st gear OR come to a stop.

Look
  1. Before you start to turn into the junction, look into the new road to make yourself aware of any hazards.

Martin Hood of Fenwick, Driving Lesson Testimonial
Excellent instructor. Really put me at ease.

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Details for turning into a junction on the right - MS-PSGL - Mirrors Signal-Position Speed Gear Look


Turning into a junction on the right


The following box contains the description of how to turn into a right junction. Read the notes below the box for further details.

How to turn into a junction on the right. Think of MS-PSGL - Mirrors Signal-Position Speed Gear Look.
  1. Mirrors
  2. Main mirror.
  3. Right mirror.
  4. Look forward.
  5. Signal
  6. When it is save to do so, signal right.
  7. Position
  8. Start to position your car on approach to the junction.
  9. Speed
  10. Start to reduce your speed at the correct time for the junction.
  11. Gear
  12. Select the correct gear for the junction.
  13. Look
  14. Before you start turning in, look into the new road.

Position
  1. For most junctions to the right you should be out towards the centreline (but not over it) just before you turn. For wide streets this can enable traffic to pass on your left while you are slowing down to turn.
  2. For narrow streets it is better to keep slightly left before turning right as this makes the junction slightly larger therefore easier to turn.
  3. The position can vary depending on the junction type and any hazards near/at the junction.

Speed
  1. If your junction is clear then you should turn in at approximately 10mph.
  2. The speed can vary depending on the junction type and any hazards near/at the junction.

Gear
  1. If your junction is clear then you should turn in using 2nd gear.
  2. You should start to select 2nd gear as your car approaches 15mph therefore giving time to change the gear then bring the clutch up and through the bite by the time your car reaches 10mph, and before you start to turn in.
  3. If there is a hazard then you might need to slow more and change into 1st gear OR come to a stop.

Look
  1. Before you start to turn into the junction, look into the new road to make yourself aware of any hazards.

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Details for emerging from a junction to turn left - MS-PSGL - Mirrors Signal-Position Speed Gear Look


Emerging from a junction to turn left


The following box contains the description of how to emerge left from a junction. Read the notes below the box for further details.

How to emerge left from a junction. Think of MS-PSGL - Mirrors Signal-Position Speed Gear Look.
  1. Mirrors
  2. Main mirror.
  3. Left mirror.
  4. Look forward.
  5. Signal
  6. When it is save to do so, signal left.
  7. Position
  8. Start to position your car on approach to the junction.
  9. Speed
  10. Start to reduce your speed at the correct time for the junction.
  11. Gear
  12. Select the correct gear for the junction.
  13. Look
  14. Before you emerge, look both right and left along the new road.

Position
  1. For most junctions to the left you should be approximately one metre out from the kerb but as you follow the left bend of the kerb at the end of the road you should steer so as to be closer to the kerb by the time you reach the markings at the end of the road.
  2. For some 'sharp' junctions you will not need to steer left until you start to emerge.
  3. The position can vary depending on the junction type and any hazards near/at the junction.

Speed
  1. For most junctions the speed should be reduced to a crawl as you reach the end of the road.
  2. For some 'open' junctions (junctions where you can see the new road clearly before you reach the end of your road) you could emerge at 10mph.
  3. The speed can vary depending on the junction type and any hazards near/at the junction.

Gear
  1. For most junctions this will be 1st gear (the correct gear for crawling).
  2. You should start to select 1st gear as your car crawls up to the junction and while you are doing the 'Look' section.
  3. For some 'open' junctions (junctions where you can see the new road clearly before you reach the end of your road) you could emerge in 2nd gear.

Look
  1. As you approach the end of the road look both right and left to be aware of other road users on the new road.
  2. You MUST NOT emerge if this would cause road users on the new road to slow or change direction.

Gillian Adair of Kilmarnock, Driving Lesson Testimonial
David is a very patient, experienced instructor whom I have recommended to friends, and would recommend to anyone wanting driving lessons. He helps you to gain valuable driving skills in a calm, relaxed and safe environment. I passed my test within six months, and feel completely confident at driving due to David's teaching and encouragement!

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Details for emerging from a junction to turn right - MS-PSGL - Mirrors Signal-Position Speed Gear Look


Emerging from a junction to turn right


The following box contains the description of how to emerge right from a junction. Read the notes below the box for further details.

How to emerge right from a junction. Think of MS-PSGL - Mirrors Signal-Position Speed Gear Look.
  1. Mirrors
  2. Main mirror.
  3. Right mirror.
  4. Look forward.
  5. Signal
  6. When it is save to do so, signal right.
  7. Position
  8. Start to position your car on approach to the junction.
  9. Speed
  10. Start to reduce your speed at the correct time for the junction.
  11. Gear
  12. Select the correct gear for the junction.
  13. Look
  14. Before you emerge, look both left and right along the new road.

Position
  1. For most junctions to the right you should be out towards the centreline (but not over it) just before you emerge.
  2. The position can vary depending on the junction type and any hazards near/at the junction.

Speed
  1. For most junctions the speed should be reduced to a crawl as you reach the end of the road.
  2. For some 'open' junctions (junctions where you can see the new road clearly before you reach the end of your road) you could emerge at 10mph.

Gear
  1. For most junctions this will be 1st gear (the correct gear for crawling).
  2. You should start to select 1st gear as your car crawls up to the junction and while you are doing the 'Look' section.
  3. For some 'open' junctions (junctions where you can see the new road clearly before you reach the end of your road) you could emerge in 2nd gear.

Look
  1. As you approach the end of the road look both right and left to be aware of other road users on the new road.
  2. You MUST NOT emerge if this would cause road users on the new road to slow or change direction.